I am a Professor of Law at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB) and a Senior Researcher at the Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam. I work on the intersection of fundamental rights protection (data privacy, freedom of expression, non-discrimination) and the governance of platforms and internet-based services. I am a specialist in European data protection, algorithmic governance and the regulation of internet intermediaries.
At VUB, I am appointed to the Chair “Fundamental Rights and the Digital Transformation”, which is established at the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Law Science Technology & Society (LSTS), with the support of Microsoft. The aim of the Chair is to contribute to a better understanding of the transformation of society due to developments in digital technologies and their deployment in various sectors, and the European regulatory response to these developments. The Chair’s research aims are interdisciplinary and include the supervision of PhD students
Previously, I was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Information Law Institute (ILI) at New York University, School of Law (2013-2016), where I co-organized the Algorithms and Accountability conference and led the interdisciplinary Seminar on IT and Security. I was also a Visiting Scholar at the NYU Stern Center for Business & Human Rights (2015-2016) and a lecturer in Information Policy at CornellTech (2016). In 2008, I was a visiting scholar at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. From 2007-2017, I was on the Board of Directors of the Dutch digital rights organization Bits of Freedom (Chairman of the Board from 2012-2016).
I obtained my PhD from the University of Amsterdam on the topic of search engines and freedom of expression (2012) and have graduate degrees in Law (2006, University of Amsterdam, cum laude) and Theoretical Mathematics (2002, University of Amsterdam, cum laude). For my PhD thesis, I received the thesis award of the Praemium Erasmianum Foundation. I have conducted research for the European Commission, ENISA, UNESCO, Upturn and The Open Society Foundations and am a regular speaker at international events and conferences. My work has been covered in NRC Handelsblad, De Correspondent, the Dutch evening news, Bloomberg News, the Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times.