Archive for February, 2008

Longer Copyright Terms and Poor Performing Artists

Friday, February 15th, 2008

EC commissioner Charlie McCreevy has proposed to extend the term of copyright protection for performing artists from 50 years to 95 years.
“Performing artists – no longer be the ‘poor cousins’ of the music business”. It sounds good but does it make sense? There are millions and millions of performing artists, now and throughout history. Most of them are not the cousins of the music business and my guess is that 99.999 % of them will not profit in any way, would this proposal become reality. For the ones that will profit, I am sure they have already profited greatly from the 50 year period, which I find rather long already. There are other ways to secure pensions of performing artists, if that would be a problem. In fact, there are ways to do that within the current framework. This is just a way of trying to make it sound good, but it doesn’t.

The proposal made me think of Bobby Farrel of Boney M, who was wildly famous but did not earn much (others like his producers did) and now lives in the least popular area of Amsterdam. This is a commercial of an insurance company.


For a lenthy, serious and balanced discussion of copyright terms for performing artists (related rights) see the Recast study of the Institute for Information Law, commissioned by the European Commission. Chapter 3 (50+ pages) deals with exactly the subject matter of this proposal.

The report states in the text:

First, it is questionable whether a term extension would really benefit the majority of
performers or rather a specific group of bestselling artists. [...] Moreover, it is uncertain whether revenues from related rights would provide performers with a certain source of future income or enable them to continue to earn an adequate income through their retirement years. At least, it is questionable whether these revenues would provide an adequate pension for most performers. If so, the question must be raised whether there would not be other, more sophisticated means to achieve this goal, rather than prolonging the terms of protection as an ultimate retirement policy for a small group of performers.

and the conclusion whether term extension will benefit performers artists is:

Overall one can say that a term extension would indeed benefit those performing artists that are still popular after 50 years and still receive payments from collecting societies and/or participate in the revenues from the sales of their recordings – providing they have not signed away their rights against a single fee [Like Bobby Farrel above, JvH]. Para. above has shown, however, that the share of recordings that are still commercially valuable after 50 years makes up for only a small part of the overall repertoire. Benefits from a term extension would therefore only accrue to a limited share of performing artists. For the larger part of performers that do not derive substantial revenues after 50 years, a term extension could –depending on the contractual setting– prevent their recordings from either being commercially exploited by a secondary party or by themselves; or from becoming accessible to the general public.

From the conclusion:

The authors of this study are not convinced by the arguments made in favour of a term extension. The term of protection currently laid down in the Term Directive (50 years from fixation or other triggering event) is already well above the minimum standard of the Rome Convention (20 years), and substantially longer than the terms that previously existed in many Member States. [...] Perceived from an international perspective the American terms are anomalous and cannot serve as a legal justification for extending the terms of related rights in the EU.

And about the need for a robust public domain:

The fact that some recordings still have economic value as rights therein expire, cannot in itself provide a justification for extending the term of protection. Related rights were designed as incentives to invest, without unduly restricting competition, not as full-fledged property rights aimed at preserving ‘value’ in perpetuity. The term of related rights must reflect a balance between incentive and market freedom. This balance will be upset when terms are extended for the mere reason that content subject to expiration still has market value. The public domain is not merely a graveyard of recordings that have lost all value in the market place. It is also an essential source of inspiration to subsequent creators, innovators and distributors. Without content that still triggers the public imagination a robust public domain cannot exist.”

Of course, the idea here is that there should be convincing arguments for term extension, for it to be legitimate. McCreevy seems to think it’s the other way around: “I have not seen a convincing reason why a composer of music should benefit from a term of copyright which extends to the composer’s life and 70 years beyond, while the performer should only enjoy 50 years, [...].” That’s turning the issue upside down. Besides 70 years is rather long as well.

Censorship by Internet Access Providers

Thursday, February 14th, 2008

Electronic Frontier Finland (Effi) and the website of YLE (the Finish national public boradcasting agency) report about censorship of a Finish site. The site in question, (“childpornography”.info), by Internet activist Matti Nikki, criticizes a new Finish Law that prescribes Internet Access providers to  the new Finish practices of law enforcement pressuring internet access providers to use their secret lists to filter the internet for their subscribers, aiming to prevent access to child pornography.

The particular site does not contain child pornography. It does have a list of several hundreds of URL’s that are filtered as a result of the new Finish Law.

There are a number of critically important issues here.

First, who decided to put this website on the list and on what grounds? If the site is considered to be illegal, why would it be put on such a filter list if it is hosted in Finland? The site should be targeted instead and possibly taken down after due process.

If public authorities put a website on a filter list for access providers, without that website being illegal, this is unacceptable. It is even more unacceptable in case those access providers are obliged to filter on the basis of that list.

Filtering by access providers should be a last resort, if it were to be accepted as a public policy at all. The filtering of websites by access providers at the request of public authorities, which are hosted in the same country, is unacceptable. It means law enforcement is too lazy to do their job. To put a website on a list is very easy. To start a legal procedure takes time and effort.

Finally, the said list (if correct) contains mostly US and EU based websites. Of the EU based websites most of them are listed as Netherlands based. Two questions arise. First, what does this mean for Dutch law enforcement. Should they already have taken down these sites or are they legal? Second, how does this list relate to the international filtering list of child pornography and the list that is used by Dutch Internet access provider UPC (owned by Liberty Global)?

UPDATE: the idea in Finland seems to be that the filtering by access providers is voluntarily. Thus, the provision of the list by law enforcement authorities is merely a ‘service’ to the private sector. The same is argued in the Netherlands by the national police agency the KLPD that provides the list to UPC. It also resembles the official arguments about filtering by search engines in Germany. I would argue it is not self regulation, but co-regulation and public authorities should be held fully accountable for their role in these filtering schemes. If they are the effective controllers of the list and they argue it’s a child pornography list, they cannot point to the ISPs using it as being the only ones responsible. Also, if it would be completely voluntarily, the access providers run a serious risks of having some other lists provided to them for filtering.

Google Earth Sued for Slander

Tuesday, February 12th, 2008

As reported by international media, an Israeli town has filed a complaint against Google Earth with regard to a user’s note on the map saying the town was built on Arab ruins. (via Wolfgang Sakulin) A very nice example for the paper on intermediary liability I am currently writing for the EuroCPR 2008 conference in Sevilla 31 March- 01 April 2008.


The note on Arab Ghawarina states: “This is one of the Palestinian localities evacuated and destroyed after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. For basic information about this locality, including brief history, the 1948 events, its current status, pictures and statistics, visit: For corrections of coordinates & updates please email [...]

A few years ago, I was in Israel myself for the first time. I stayed in the south of Tel Aviv, near Old Jaffa and was surprised by some of the existing discourse about land ownership. I visited a military/Israeli resistance museum at the beach, which consistently spoke of the liberation of the town of Jaffa, without any attempt to be objective and acknowledge the (partly) Arab history of the town.

EP Seminar on Web Search Privacy and Targeted Advertisement Merger Reviews

Tuesday, February 12th, 2008

Should the European Commission address the privacy implications of the Google Doubleclick merger review and impose conditions? What does the Data Protection Directive mean for the logging and profiling of users by Web search providers? These were the central questions discussed at the public seminar, of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament, on Monday 21 January 2008. Invited speakers included, Peter Hustinx (EDPS), Pamela Jones Harbour (FTC), Mark Rotenberg (EPIC) , Peter Fleischer (Google), Thomas Myrup Kristensen (Microsoft), Cornelia Kutterer (BEUC) and Sjoera Nas (Dutch DPA).

Although the afternoon started promising, with opening remarks by chair Cavada on the long history of the need for scrutinizing concentration in the information and communication industry, referring to the fundamental issues at stake for individuals and society as a whole, the debate did not bring many perspectives that had not been offered previously.

The discussion about IP addresses, processed by Web search providers in their logfiles, made the news. More specifically, the statements by Hustinx, and Peter Schaar, chair of the Article 29 Working Party that search engines should treat them as personal data, as defined in the European Data Protection Directive. This is just a reiteration of earlier conclusions, most notably the opinion of the Article 29 Working Party on the concept of personal data. The Dutch DPA recently published guidelines on privacy and publications of personal data on the Web, that included the same conclusion. I never heard any sensible legal argument why ip-addresses would not (in general, there are a few specific exceptions) fall under the definition of personal data in EU law. Surely there are many practical reasons, including the lack of will to deal with the provisions on fair and accountable procession of personal data of the Directive, but that’s a different question. In the U.S. there is a similar debate, which is more open due to the lack of any definition or norm of what constitutes personal data under U.S law.

The remarks about the relevance of the possible privacy implications of the merger were not of the same quality and level as the discussion in the United States. FTC Commissioner Harbour restated her opinion that the economic relevance of the personal data and the effects on privacy of the merger should be part of a merger review. There seems reason to believe that the Commission will approve the merger, without privacy conditions. However, merged or unmerged, data protection laws will apply. As Sjoera Nas of the Dutch Data Protection Authority stated:

In her opinion, the privacy directive was adequate, in that it provided a clear, useable framework. For her, it was not
for the data protection authorities to consider the consequences of a merger, but for the companies themselves to continue to comply with data protection rules. She also called for adequate enforcement powers of all data protection authorities.

An official summary of the seminar is available through Statewatch.

A blog meme: Unger and the movement

Monday, February 11th, 2008

I got tagged by Michael Zimmer to participate in a blog meme. I have to write down the 6th-8th sentence on page 123 of the nearest book.

The nearest book, The Critical Legal Studies Movement by Roberto Mangabeira Unger does not contain a page 123 with text (the index starts there) but it does contain a page 24 ( 1 + 23 ) and sentence 6 to 8 go as follows:

According to this modern view, the system of rights would rise above the real social order. Rights would work either as if this order did not exist or as if it could be adequately tamed and justified by the mere expedient of treating it as nonexistent for purposes of rights definition. The critical legal studies movement has committed itself to another change in the conception of the relation of law to society, potentially equal in scope and importance to the shift to rights indifferent to social rank and place.

The book is rather complex. I seriously recommend it to anyone willing to test his or her limits of comprehension. Besides it is a classic in legal theory, criticizing formalism and objectivism resulting in a proposal for a constructive outcome.

I forward this little game toTheo Rohle at Netzmedium, Samspung at HiLaws, Peter Ryan at PR networks, Thomas Boonstoppel and Masters of Media.

409 1 e book launch invitation pdf computer basics and terminology notes pdf welding and fabrication inspection free pdf ebook download cours autocad 2011 pdf unit operations chemical engineering 6th pdf iphone ios 5 development essentials neil smyth pdf size fundamentals of futures and options markets 7th pdf download plumbing for dummies pdf download do carmo geometry file type pdf dell brc for simplified infrastructure management pdf touch of a wolf jez morrow pdf guia de estudio concursos y quiebras pdf free download the story of the eye pdf 1912 lopez de arenas carpinteria de lo blanco pdf origen y e gesta de los godos pdf the green screen handbook realworld production techniques pdf download descargar en pdf como consegir amigos verdaderos mark curry dance with the devil pdf new zealand retail trends 2012 pdf contoh proposal penelitian kuantitatif pengaruh teknologi pdf jesus zieht in jerusalem ein text und noten pdf apsolventski ispitni rokovi 2010 2011 feb sep 2011 pdf v lcd4 pro l instruction sheet pdf songbook the robben ford blues guitar collection pdf vampire dark ages wind from the east pdf makalah peranan psikologi pendidikan dalam proses belajar mengajar pdf next to normal score pdf download il figurino di moda burgo pdf download water for elephants pdf download latihan soal soal unas pdf 2012 harry potter und die kammer pdf ebook igc cmmi implementation case study pdf principles of mathematics grade 9 academic mpm1d pdf outdoor kitchen design example pdf henry thonier tome 3 pdf 4 shared the great divorce c s lewis pdf torrent amulet book 2 pdf 4share the first heretic aaron dembski bowden pdf torrent ch24 gb1 software project scheduling pdf the book of useless information pdf download jewish study bible pdf pdf 175 lettere a un giovane poeta pdf cristina hija de lavrans pdf gratis manual de wilcom 2006 en espa ol pdf the caves of steel pdf ita day trading joe ross pdf ita modelo de capa para trabalho pdf el metodo montignac pdf power systems analysis pdf download free inez del alma mia english pdf information systems for managers piccoli pdf free download esio trot by roald dahl pdf how to use packet tracer 5.3 pdf cartoon guide to physics by larry gonick pdf unbreak my heart tab diana pdf paul krugman end this depression now pdf fundamentals of logistics management free pdf torrent dan lepard hecho a mano pdf free contoh proposal penelitian kualitatif pendidikan matematika pdf northstar writing and reading 2 pdf 3 edition fredric brown universo de locos pdf libro santa muerte pdf ita experiencing mis 2nd edition pdf download free l express styles octobre 2012 pdf descargar iluminacion y render jeremy birn pdf espa ol nuance pdf converter enterprise v6 0 learn bosnian croatian and serbian ebook pdf a guide to hardware 5th edition pdf part2 rar free download pdf laboratory investigations in molecular bio il libro dei mutamenti pdf dream of orchids by phyllis a whitney pdf infections of jaws ppt pdf process electrical instrumentation drawings and documentation pdf les filles de riyad pdf wu tai chi chuan pdf download understanding of nmr james keeler full free pdf lago dos cisnes partitura flauta pdf chanakya niti in telugu pdf .torrent wild at heart 1990 pdf kepmenpan no 25 tahun 2004 pdf biss zum morgengrauen buch pdf despedida de claudia gray pdf grundlagen der regelungstechnik 02 pdf downloading free ebook language as social semiotics pdf como instalar icons e temas no openloader ps2 pdf barrons ap english literature pdf approprite technology on water supply design by unicef pdf free pdf download just friends by sumrit shahi vittorio the vampire anne rice pdf backtrack 5 wpa2 pdf operating systems 3rd edition by gary nutt pdf nivelamento portugues ensino fundamental pdf antologia de administracion educativa pdf manual da madeira angelim pedra pdf air traffic control radar beacon system pdf master of the universe pdf snowqueens icedragon epov la mujer de arena pdf ebook taringa download free good to great pdf dk chinese english visual bilingual dictionary pdf us army alice pack manual pdf the devil in winter pdf minna no nihongo ii choukai pdf my so called life goes on pdf cherrie lynn far from heaven pdf download along for the ride pdf compiler construction principles and practice pdf wikis hardware and networking in pdf para comprender la eucaristia pdf hp color laserjet cm4730 mfp service manual pages pdf basic ship theory pdf free download pdf generacion de modelos de negocios scribd 2010 guias infeccion urinaria idsa cid pdf teoria da musica bohumil med 4 edi o pdf who wants to live forever queen pdf fundraising donation request letter template pdf star wars legacy of the force betrayal pdf gpnp temperature measurement pdf . exercises for sciatica pdf steve jackson sorcery spell book pdf hotfile com dl the wandering who gilad atzmon pdf pdf el lugar mas bonito del mundo advanced actionscript 3 with design patterns pdf historia del arte mexicano pdf karen robards desire in the sun pdf conversaciones con dios para jovenes pdf max lucado quando os anjos silenciaram pdf isaac asimov the caves of steel pdf art and fear david bayles pdf ubuntu study guide pdf beyond the frozen sea fansadox pdf v 2011 08 downmagaz com pdf der gute mensch von sezuan pdf download cours de la langue francaise pdf john stuart mill el utilitarismo pdf percy jackson and the sea of monsters pdf dutch diagnostico y servicio a sistemas de frenos abs pdf iit sample paper pdf top notch 1 student s book 679609505 pdf the sheik s kidnapped bride pdf manual book grand livina pdf food science pathway curriculum guide pdf general chemistry whitten full pdf converter ps2 pdf exe protech t61 enigma xtr instruction manual pdf cours client serveur pdf space and time in the genesis cosmogony pdf download back and deader than ever pdf mens sexual health fitness for satisfying sex pdf download jinnah india partition independence jaswant singh pdf free download why men marry bitches download pdf pride and prejudice jane kendall pdf pdf xchange 5 pro bundle rar download future tense exercises pdf nora roberts bride quartet 04 happy ever after pdf historia argentina rodrigo fresan pdf dr seuss pdf books cay horstmann big java 4th edition pdf 4 shared christian thibaudeau high threshold muscle building pdf tcp ip protocol suite 3rd edition in pdf benevolo historia de la arquitectura moderna pdf alejandro jodorowsky libros pdf pdf report on line coding veena deal to remember pdf boat international 2012 09 sep 1 pdf testing and commissioning of electrical equipments pdf language in use pdf cambridge euro 2012 slavek and slavko pdf free download culture generale pour les nuls pdf .torrent alexandra ivy the real werewives of vampire county pdf dime quien soy julia navarro pdf measurement and instrumentation question bank by r pdf nissan murano brochure australia pdf le livre de saskia le r veil telecharger pdf creating workflows with sharepoint designer 2010 pdf writing that works pdf the complete book of numerology pdf curso de viol o em pdf life during world war 2 key pdf codigo penal del ecuador 2011 2012 pdf ansi c 4e by e balagurusamy free download pdf php mysql for dummies pdf pathophysiology of asthma pdf final fantasy d20 character sheet pdf cheats para guitar hero 3 ps2 pdf loaded magazine march 2012 pdf .torrent catching fire ebook download pdf pdf download bioinformatics applications and tools by david edwards la meta eliyahu goldratt descargar gratis pdf add manuel du joueur version 2 pdf professional joomla php cms wrox 2007 pdf manusmriti in hindi pdf .torrent the definitive acdc songbook pdf anatomia orientada para cl nica pdf torrent grade 5 puberty boys book pdf about kind of blade server pdf taniec ze smokami 5 2 pdf the answer by john assaraf and murray smith pdf one world the ethics of globalization pdf 39 clues book 8 free download pdf lord of the flies answers pdf brealy principles corporate finance entire ebook pdf protection of power system by bakshi in pdf new approach to sight singing pdf introduction to parallel processing algorithms and architect pdf historia de la f los dones del ministerio pdf penelitian pengaruh internet terhadap prestasi belajar siswa pdf un angolo di paradiso c j box pdf download biblical misconceptions about divorce and remarriage pdf consew model 230 instruction manual pdf direito civil i obrigacoes pdf discrete time signal processing oppenheim download pdf quantitative risk management concepts techniques and tools pdf download condiciones de carta porte pdf handel sarabande tab guitar pdf .torrent en 1991 2 4 pdf pdf 4000 essential english words books.torrent barron s toefl ibt 13 th pdf only.torrent bloodlines the golden lily pdf download uma nova historia dos estados unidos pdf el arte de empezar filetype pdf linear algebra with applications bretscher pdf .torrent download ccna self study exam certification 640821 pdf fundamentos da economia pdf la bruja de portobello pdf descargar gratis daftar pustaka buku pkn kelas 5 sd pdf lichtman s atlas of hematology pdf torrent wes jazz guitar pdf photoshop interview multiple choice questions and answers pdf html5 espresso con css3 e ecmascript5 pdf free download photoshop 8 shortcuts pdf neuroscience exploring the brain download pdf the pool of fire pdf pdf temps des secret object oriented systems development pdf vampire kisses 9 immortal hearts pdf free download the code of criminal procedure 1898.pakistan in urdu pdf the game makers companion pdf the blue cat club pdf gratis como modelar carros zmodeler tutorial pdf mediafire the bourne dominion epub pdf rtf mobi fb2 carving the human face pdf download giorgio agamben el reino y la gloria pdf baixar modelos de carteirinhas em pdf intro to matlab palm third pdf kristen ashley heaven and hell pdf download pdf math notes 9th textbooks lahore free autocad 2007 tutorial pdf download prova do cfo pmba 2005 em pdf private special edition 027 sex city pdf die linde baum des menschen pdf ear training for the contemporary musician pdf planowanie strategiczne w firmie neville lake pdf karate goju ryu by the cat yamaguchi pdf tr 43 post tensioned concrete floors design handbook pdf tracking the tempest pdf mediafire structural analysis 8th edition solutions pdf free erhu sheet music pdf book la donna in nero pdf susan the hunger games book one pdf iit class xii maths probability pdf con17a high level ground improvement lessons learned pdf pdf pdf learn to draw human figure practical networkn operating system pdf lora leigh men of august pdf vicente amigo contemporaries masters of flamenco guitar download pdf opel kadett gls manual pdf tr 751 851 instruction manual pdf on call principles and protocols pdf haynes toyota corolla e10 pdf 978 1 58503 453 6 4 pdf guia para la visa americana pdf descargas catalogos de lenceria 2012 en pdf integrated korean intermediate 1 pdf l art de faire l amour un homme pdf comparison and jump instructions of the 8085 microprocessor pdf formule ed esercizi svolti il compito di chimica pdf pdf the voice of padre pio iata dgr 52nd edition 2011 pdf wallace irving la isla de las tres sirenas pdf jennifer estep dark frost pdf download free how people learn brain mind experience and school pdf electrical layout 220 33kv substation jspl pdf succed in ielts 9 practise tests andrew betsis pdf giant ch katalog 2009 teil 3 pdf quick reference guide to veterinary medicine pdf mark mazower salonica city of ghosts pdf el camino a la autodependencia jorge bucay pdf 2011 brochure kia rio en pdf pretty little liars stunning pdf economia ambiental y desarrollo sostenible pdf geografia sexto grado pdf the captain the journey of derek jeter book pdf the complete cancer cleanse pdf computer networks notes pdf free download ppt or pdf of history of strategic management politique pour les nulles pdf languages teach yourself swedish pdf apostila pdf ensino fundamental il conte di montecristo pdf gratis mit physical chemistry pdf lecture download bite the girls on friday night pdf examkrackers mcat general chemistry booksearchable pdf lora leigh guilty pleasures pdf virginia henley the irish duke pdf a batalha de um homem em pdf the summoning game manual pdf oswald j smith pdf books leo solito en pdf aashto standard specification for highway bridges pdf way wealth benjamin franklin pdf pdf of mechanics 1 for teacher free download what color is your parachute pdf 2010 catalog mijloace fixe si durate normale de functionare pdf communication systems engineering 2nd edition pdf children learning english pdf moon diagnostico de gestion de uma empresa pdf oxford practical grammar books in pdf mecanica suelos juarez badillo tomo 2 pdf differential equations solution manual rainville pdf company profile ozzon radio 105 30 fm pdf atkins physical chemistry 9th edition pdf download sony vegas tutorial pdf r e dla ciebie pdf to hell and back pdf julia quinn the lost duke of wyndham pdf d d 4e book of vile darkness pdf download libro de seuccion subliminal pdf cap la tierra es plana friedman 2005 pdf piano sheet in pdf grace by laura story mamiya c220 service manual pdf l arte del saper vendere pdf esab stainless steel brochure ssp 1014 pdf financial accounting a user perspective 6th pdf introducing 3ds max 2011 pdf zakir naik urdu book pdf pimpin ken 48 laws of game pdf codigo de la luz pdf daniel lumera pc pro 2012 10 softarchive net pdf stages of faith pdf kitchen idea book idea books pdf iee wiring regulations 17th edition pdf books htiler and stalin parallel lives download pdf 3 sombreros de copa pdf ebook browse w3schools all html book pdf free download joshua harris boy meets girl pdf download on mediafire bungsgrammatik f r fortgeschrittene hueber pdf download vita in campagna in pdf microsoft wpf tutorial pdf kasey michaels el sabor de lo prohibido pdf piazzolla pdf fuga y misterio network analysis and synthesis question bank pdf la magia de pensar en grande david pdf schwartz entrainement de football pdf who moved my cheese free pdf download a maior casa do mundo pt pdf pdf a long walk to freedom deten el tiempo libro lupita jones pdf la reina y yo descargar pdf pdf home decoration with origami de tomoko fuse plz descargar libro frin en pdf pdf marino chern simons matrix models and topological strings coelho paulo l alchimiste pdf kamus jerman indonesia pdf inside out upper intermediate macmillan pdf 4 shared the happiness project pdf free download ms access bangla tutorial pdf free download health and medical physics mcqs pdf free books metodos para bateria pdf stroud the significance of philosophical scepticism pdf du lait au fiel pdf vex gateway manual pdf en espa modern operating systems 2nd edition pdf international relations joshua goldstein 9th edition pdf vigyan bhairav tantra in hindi pdf pdf a perfect storm pdf lori foster free the big chill 1983 draft script pdf manuale officina alfa romeo 147 pdf nikos kazantzakis la ultima tentacion de cristo pdf descarga wrox beginning javascript fourth edition mar 2010 pdf ebookee oposicion auxiliar administrativo corporaciones locales ayuntamiento 430657 pdf neufert pdf telechargement gratuit clinical tests for the musculoskeletal system pdf principles and practices of information security whitman pdf pilots reference guide pdf chomik cry of the wolf karen whiddon pdf il profumo di suskind gratis pdf i will follow him satb pdf tangram aktuell 2 pdf fundamentos de circuitos digitales pdf fairyland 4 pupils book pdf curso solfeo 2010 11 pdf twisted laurie halse anderson pdf download derecho constitucional gregorio badeni pdf yoga book pdf in oriya finite element simulations with ansys workbench 14 pdf the willpower instinct free pdf 14 soal soal limit fungsi pdf dl 250 das installation manual pdf internet marketing and ecommerce pdf